With heat warnings or advisories currently in effect for the Twin Cities and broad areas of greater Minnesota, state health officials are reminding people that extreme heat can affect their health.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) suggest a number of things people can do to protect themselves and their family during hot weather:
Drink more fluids than usual – but avoid fluids that contain alcohol or large amounts of sugar. People should check with their doctor if they have been advised to limit their intake of fluids or placed on diuretics (“water pills”);
Stay indoors – in an air-conditioned location, if possible. If a person’s home is not air-conditioned, spending a few hours a day in an air-conditioned public place like a public library or shopping mall will help their body cope with the heat;
Don’t rely on electric fans. Electric fans will not prevent heat-related illnesses when the temperature reaches the high 90s and above;
Wear lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing;
Never leave people, children – or animals – in a closed, parked vehicle, even with the windows open;
Check regularly on people who may be at higher risk of heat-related illness – infants and young children, people over 65, people with mental illness and people with chronic health problems like heart disease or high blood pressure;
Those who must spend time outdoors, should try to limit theiractivity to the cooler hours of the day, in the morning and evening. Try to take rest breaks in shady areas and drink plenty of water;
Limit physical exercise and those who do exercise, need to be sure to take in plenty of fluids;
Taking a cool bath or shower can be an effective way to cool off; and
When outdoors, wear hats and use sunscreen as protection from the sun.
Signs of heat-related illnesses vary but can include the following: heavy sweating, paleness, muscle cramps, tiredness, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea or vomiting, and fainting. Heat exhaustion can lead to heat stroke, which can cause death or permanent disability unless immediately treated. Symptoms of heat stroke include an extremely high body temperature (above 103°F); red, hot, and dry skin; rapid breathing; racing heart rate; headache; nausea; confusion; and unconsciousness. If heat stroke is suspected, call 911 immediately.
More information about protecting one’s health during hot weather is available on the MDH Web site at www.health.state.mn.us.