Townships –

City of Little Falls

2016 Drinking Water Report

The City of Little Falls is issuing the results of monitoring done on its drinking water for the period from January 1 to December 31, 2016. The purpose of this report is to advance consumers understanding of drinking water and heighten awareness of the need to protect precious water resources.

Source of Water

The City of Little Falls provides drinking water to its residents from a groundwater source: eight wells ranging from 90 to 124 feet deep, that draw water from the Quaternary Water Table aquifer.

The Minnesota Department of Health has made a determination as to how vulnerable our systems source(s) of water may be to future contamination incidents. If you wish to obtain the entire source water assessment regarding your drinking water, please call 651-201-4700 or 1-800-818-9318 (and press 5) during normal business hours. Also, you can view it on line at www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/water/swp/swa.

Call (320) 616-5530 if you have questions about the City of Little Falls drinking water or would like information about opportunities for public participation in decisions that may affect the quality of the water.

Results of Monitoring

No contaminants were detected at levels that violated federal drinking water standards. However, some contaminants were detected in trace amounts that were below legal limits. The table that follows shows the contaminants that were detected in trace amounts last year. (Some contaminants are sampled less frequently than once a year; as a result, not all contaminants were sampled for in 2016. If any of these contaminants were detected the last time they were sampled for, they are included in the table along with the date that the detection occurred.)

Key to abbreviations:

MCLG Maximum Contaminant Level Goal: The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

MCL Maximum Contaminant Level: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

MRDL Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level.

MRDLG Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal.

AL Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirement which a water system must follow.

90th Percentile Level This is the value obtained after disregarding 10 percent of the samples taken that had the highest levels. (For example, in a situation in which 10 samples were taken, the 90th percentile level is determined by disregarding the highest result, which represents 10 percent of the samples.) Note: In situations in which only 5 samples are taken, the average of the two with the highest levels is taken to determine the 90th percentile level.

ppm Parts per million, which can also be expressed as milligrams per liter (mg/l).

ppb Parts per billion, which can also be expressed as micrograms per liter (g/l).

N/A Not Applicable (does not apply).

Level Found

Contaminant MCLG MCL Range Average/ Typical Source of

(units) (2016) Result* Contaminant

Fluoride (ppm) 4 4 .46-.59 .64 State of Minnesota

requires all

municipal water

systems to add

fluoride to the

drinking water

to promote

strong teeth;

Erosion of natural

deposits; Discharge

from fertilizer and

aluminum factories.

Haloacetic Acids 0 60 N/A 2 By-product of

(HAA5) (ppb) drinking water

disinfection.

Nitrate 10.4 10.4 N/A .24 Runoff from

(as Nitrogen) (ppm) fertilizer use;

Leaching from

septic tanks,

sewage; Erosion

of natural deposits.

TTHM 0 80 N/A 1.6 By-product of

(Total drinking water

trihalomethanes) disinfection.

(ppb)

*This is the value used to determine compliance with federal standards. It sometimes is the highest value detected and sometimes is an average of all the detected values. If it is an average, it may contain sampling results from the previous year.

Contaminant MRDLG MRDL **** ***** Typical Source of

(units) Contaminant

Chlorine (ppm) 4 4 .03-1.9 .52 Water additive

used to control

microbes

****Highest and Lowest Monthly Average.

***** Highest Quarterly Average.

Contaminant MCLG AL 90% Level #sites over Typical Source of

(units) AL Contaminant Copper (ppm) 1.3 1.3 .06 0 out of 20 Corrosion of

household

plumbing systems;

Erosion of natural deposits.

Lead (ppb) 0 15 8.3 2 out of 20 Corrosion of

(07/05/2013) household

plumbing systems;

Erosion of natural

deposits

If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. City of Little Falls is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.

Monitoring may have been done for additional contaminants that do not have MCLs established for them and are not required to be monitored under the Safe Drinking Water Act. Results may be available by calling 651-201-4700 or 1-800-818-9318 during normal business hours.

Compliance with National Primary Drinking Water Regulations

The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.

Contaminants that may be present in source water include:

Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife.

Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban storm water runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming.

Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential uses.

Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are byproducts of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems.

Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prescribes regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. Food and Drug Administration regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health.

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agencys Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.

Comment: The Consumer Confidence Report is not being directly mailed to all customers but a copy is available upon request, please contact Litte Falls Water Department, 320-616-5530.

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